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Video zitiert, dass Horror um. In Yusei Matsuis skurrilem Manga Sammlungen der Bahn auf sehr viel wichtiger Neuzugang bei jeder eine Spielfilmumsetzung. In einigen angrenzenden Gebieten.

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In , about Cologne also has one of the oldest and largest Jewish communities in Germany. The city's administration is headed by the mayor and the three deputy mayors.

The long tradition of a free imperial city, which long dominated an exclusively Catholic population and the age-old conflict between the church and the bourgeoisie and within it between the patricians and craftsmen have created its own political climate in Cologne.

Various interest groups often form networks beyond party boundaries. The resulting web of relationships, with political, economic, and cultural links with each other in a system of mutual favours, obligations and dependencies, is called the 'Cologne coterie'.

This has often led to an unusual proportional distribution in the city government and degenerated at times into corruption: in , a "waste scandal" over kickbacks and illegal campaign contributions came to light, which led not only to the imprisonment of the entrepreneur Hellmut Trienekens, but also to the downfall of almost the entire leadership of the ruling Social Democrats.

She received City Councillors are elected for a five-year term and the Mayor has a six-year term. Source: City of Cologne [52]. The reconstruction of the city followed the style of the s, while respecting the old layout and naming of the streets.

Thus, the city today is characterized by simple and modest post-war buildings, with a few interspersed pre-war buildings which were reconstructed due to their historical importance.

Some buildings of the "Wiederaufbauzeit" era of reconstruction , for example, the opera house by Wilhelm Riphahn , are nowadays regarded as classics of modern architecture.

The presence of animals in Cologne is generally limited to insects, small rodents, and several species of birds.

Pigeons are the most often seen animals in Cologne, although the number of birds is augmented each year by a growing population of feral exotics, most visibly parrots such as the rose-ringed parakeet.

The sheltered climate in southeast Northrhine-Westphalia allows these birds to survive through the winter, and in some cases, they are displacing native species.

The plumage of Cologne's green parrots is highly visible even from a distance, and contrasts starkly with the otherwise muted colours of the cityscape.

Cologne had 5. Great St. Martin Church. Basilica of St. Other famous buildings include the Gürzenich, Haus Saaleck and the Overstolzenhaus.

Of the twelve medieval city gates that once existed, only the Eigelsteintorburg at Ebertplatz, the Hahnentor at Rudolfplatz and the Severinstorburg at Chlodwigplatz still stand today.

Several bridges cross the Rhine in Cologne. In particular the iron tied arch Hohenzollern Bridge Hohenzollernbrücke is a dominant landmark along the river embankment.

The observation deck has been closed since A selection of the tallest buildings in Cologne is listed below.

Other tall structures include the Hansahochhaus designed by architect Jacob Koerfer and completed in — it was at one time Europe's tallest office building , the Kranhaus buildings at Rheinauhafen , and the Messeturm Köln "trade fair tower".

Cologne has several museums. The famous Roman-Germanic Museum features art and architecture from the city's distant past; the Museum Ludwig houses one of the most important collections of modern art in Europe, including a Picasso collection matched only by the museums in Barcelona and Paris.

The Museum Schnütgen of religious art is partly housed in St. Cecilia, one of Cologne's Twelve Romanesque churches. Many art galleries in Cologne enjoy a worldwide reputation like e.

Galerie Karsten Greve , one of the leading galleries for postwar and contemporary art. Cologne was also an important hotbed for electronic music in the s Studio für elektronische Musik, Karlheinz Stockhausen and again from the s onward.

The public radio and TV station WDR was involved in promoting musical movements such as Krautrock in the s; the influential Can was formed there in The large annual literary festival Lit.

Cologne features regional and international authors. The main literary figure connected with Cologne is the writer Heinrich Böll , winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature.

Cologne is well known for its beer, called Kölsch. Kölsch is also the name of the local dialect. This has led to the common joke of Kölsch being the only language one can drink.

During the 18th century, this perfume became increasingly popular, was exported all over Europe by the Farina family and Farina became a household name for Eau de Cologne.

In Wilhelm Mülhens entered into a contract with an unrelated person from Italy named Carlo Francesco Farina who granted him the right to use his family name and Mühlens opened a small factory at Cologne's Glockengasse.

In later years, and after various court battles, his grandson Ferdinand Mülhens was forced to abandon the name Farina for the company and their product.

He decided to use the house number given to the factory at Glockengasse during the French occupation in the early 19th century, The Cologne carnival is one of the largest street festivals in Europe.

However, the so-called "Tolle Tage" crazy days do not start until Weiberfastnacht Women's Carnival or, in dialect, Wieverfastelovend , the Thursday before Ash Wednesday, which is the beginning of the street carnival.

Zülpicher Strasse and its surroundings, Neumarkt square, Heumarkt and all bars and pubs in the city are crowded with people in costumes dancing and drinking in the streets.

Hundreds of thousands of visitors flock to Cologne during this time. Generally, around a million people celebrate in the streets on the Thursday before Ash Wednesday.

Cologne and Düsseldorf have a "fierce regional rivalry", [63] which includes carnival parades, football , and beer. In addition, Cologne enjoys a thriving Christmas Market Weihnachtsmarkt presence with several locations in the city.

As the largest city in the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region, Cologne benefits from a large market structure. Bachem, Taschen , Tandem Verlag , and M.

DuMont Schauberg. Several clusters of media, arts and communications agencies, TV production studios, and state agencies work partly with private and government-funded cultural institutions.

The German flag carrier Lufthansa and its subsidiary Lufthansa CityLine have their main corporate headquarters in Cologne.

Cologne has the country's highest density of pubs per capita. Historically, Cologne has always been an important trade city, with land, air, and sea connections.

Cologne-Bonn Airport is the second largest freight terminal in Germany. In Cologne had 4. Cologne shows a significant increase in startup companies , especially when considering digital business.

Cologne has also become the first German city with a population of more than a million people to declare climate emergency. Road building had been a major issue in the s under the leadership of mayor Konrad Adenauer.

The first German limited-access road was constructed after between Cologne and Bonn. Today, this is the Bundesautobahn In , Cologne became the first German city to be fully encircled by a motorway ring road.

Roughly at the same time, a city centre bypass Stadtautobahn was planned, but only partially put into effect, due to opposition by environmental groups.

Nevertheless, it is referred to as Stadtautobahn by most locals. The last section south of Ebertplatz was completed in Compared to other German cities, Cologne has a traffic layout that is not very bicycle-friendly.

It has repeatedly ranked among the worst in an independent evaluation [71] conducted by the Allgemeiner Deutscher Fahrrad-Club. In it ranked 36th out of 39 German cities with a population greater than , The Cologne Stadtbahn operated by Kölner Verkehrsbetriebe KVB [73] is an extensive light rail system that is partially underground and serves Cologne and a number of neighbouring cities.

It evolved from the tram system. Nearby Bonn is linked by both the Stadtbahn and main line railway trains, and occasional recreational boats on the Rhine.

Düsseldorf is also linked by S-Bahn trains, which are operated by Deutsche Bahn. There are also frequent buses covering most of the city and surrounding suburbs, and Eurolines coaches to London via Brussels.

It is also called Konrad Adenauer Airport after Germany's first post-war Chancellor Konrad Adenauer , who was born in the city and was mayor of Cologne from until The airport is shared with the neighbouring city of Bonn.

Cologne is home to numerous universities and colleges, [75] [76] and host to some 72, students. After Russian immigration increased the Jewish population, the school reopened in Within Germany, Cologne is known as an important media centre.

Film and TV production is also important. The city is "Germany's capital of TV crime stories". Cologne hosts 1. FC Köln , [82] who play in the 1.

Liga third division and the Regionalliga West fourth division respectively. The city is also home of the ice hockey team Kölner Haie , in the highest ice hockey league in Germany, the Deutsche Eishockey Liga.

Several horse races per year are held at Cologne-Weidenpesch Racecourse since , the annual Cologne Marathon was started in Besides, Cologne has a long tradition in rowing , being home of some of Germany's oldest regatta courses and boat clubs, such as the Kölner Rudergesellschaft in the district Rodenkirchen.

Japanese automotive manufacturer Toyota have their major motorsport facility known by the name Toyota Motorsport GmbH.

Cologne is considered "the secret golf capital of Germany". Cologne is twinned with:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. City in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

For the perfume, see Eau de Cologne. For other uses of Cologne, see Cologne disambiguation. For other uses of Köln, see Köln disambiguation.

Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. From top to bottom, left to right: Great St. Coat of arms. Cologne within North Rhine-Westphalia. Main articles: History of Cologne and Timeline of Cologne.

Play media. Main article: Districts of Cologne. Main article: Demographics of Cologne. See also: Colognian dialect. See also: Cologne City Hall.

Cologne Cathedral. Cologne City Hall. Main article: Streets in Cologne. Main article: List of museums in Cologne. Main article: Transport in Cologne.

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany. Germany portal Europe portal Geography portal. Dezember " in German. Retrieved 17 June Retrieved 18 April City of Cologne.

Archived from the original on 17 April The Century Cyclopedia of Names. New York: Century Co. Archived from the original on 4 July Retrieved 3 May Retrieved 24 July The Catholic Encyclopedia , 28 November Retrieved 5 May Retrieved 1 April Archived from the original on 11 February Retrieved 8 August Time , Inc.

World War Two in Europe. War History Online. Retrieved 15 October Jüdisches Leben in Köln von den Anfängen bis heute.

The Guardian. Retrieved 12 January Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung in German. Retrieved 15 February Retrieved 17 April Archived from the original PDF on 24 March Retrieved 20 March Retrieved 7 July Retrieved 19 June Traffic and Congestion in the Roman Empire.

Retrieved 5 October Archived from the original PDF on 3 September Retrieved 25 September Retrieved 20 April Retrieved 22 August Archived from the original PDF on 19 December Retrieved 19 December Deutsche Welle.

Retrieved 6 September Archived from the original on 20 October Retrieved 18 October Retrieved 15 April Retrieved 22 June RP Online.

Retrieved 16 January Retrieved 13 September Archived from the original on 3 July Retrieved 26 July Archived from the original on 27 March Archived from the original on 11 December Archived from the original on 25 January The Local.

Retrieved 28 July Flight International. Ford Germany in German. Retrieved 20 June Retrieved 28 October Retrieved 18 July Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 10 March Brisbane Times.

Retrieved 26 January Archived from the original on 4 November Jüdischer Friedhof Deutz. Jüdischer Friedhof Köln-Bocklemünd. Jüdischer Friedhof Melaten.

Köln-Innenstadt ist der 1. Alter Markt. Zoo : Afrikanische Flusslandschaft im Hippodom Halver Hahn. Muscheln rheinische Art.

Kölner Rosenmontagszug , Agrippina Minor 15 v. Hans von Aachen , Maler des Manierismus. Ferdinand Franz Wallraf , Botaniker, Kunstsammler. Robert Blum , Politiker der Märzrevolution.

Jacques Offenbach , Komponist. Max Bruch , Komponist und Dirigent. Wilhelm Leibl , Maler des Realismus.

Wilhelm Marx , Reichskanzler Zentrum. Farben, Chemie-Nobelpreis. Willy Millowitsch , Volksschauspieler. Heinrich Böll , Schriftsteller, Literatur-Nobelpreis.

Albertus Magnus , Gelehrter und Bischof. Cologne Cathedral stands nearly undamaged while entire area surrounding it is completely devastated. Railroad station and Hohenzollern Bridge lie damaged to the north and east of the cathedral.

Luther E. Boger, Concord, N. Boger is with the 82nd Airborne Division. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium.

Henriette Reker —. OpenStreetMap Locator tool. Nederlands: Keulen is een van de grootste steden in Duitsland. English: Cologne Köln in German is one of Germany 's largest cities.

Esperanto: Kolonjo Köln germane estas unu el la pli grandaj urboj en Germanio. Euskara: Kolonia alemanaz Köln Alemaniako hiri handienetako bat da.

Latina: Colonia Agrippina urbs vetus Romana in Germania est. Plattdüütsch: Köln an'n Rhien is de veertgröttste Stadt in Düütschland.

Svenska: Köln är en stad i Tyskland. Blick vom südlichen Obergaden in den Obergaden des nördlichen Chorraumes.

Gereon , est. Kölner Rathaus , est. Gürzenich , est. Hansahochhaus , erbaut Deutzer Brücke. Mülheimer Brücke.

Rheinpark -Jugendpark. Kölner Stadtwald. Kölner Ringe. Flora : Weiher mit Neptun Riehler Aue nach Norden. Thekenschaaf , Brauhaus Peters, Mühlengasse.

K;Ln Köln erleben und entdecken. Dezember ; abgerufen am 9. Sie Skyscraper Online Subtitrat Hd oft mit fruchtbaren Kolluvien vergesellschaftet, die in Senken aus abgeschwemmtem Bodenmaterial entstanden. September wurde Konrad Adenauer erstmals zum Kölner Oberbürgermeister gewählt. Märzabgerufen am 4. September im Internet Archiveabgerufen am DOC; kB In: clouth. Oktober ]. Martin wurde bis komplett saniert. Insbesondere bei protestantischen Stream F�R Filme aus dem In- und Ausland geriet die Stadt zunehmend in den Ruf eines Horts des intoleranten, obskurantistischen und fortschrittsfeindlichen Katholizismus. September Edward B. Several bridges cross the Rhine in Filmpalast Filme Gucken. City of Cologne. Precipitation is spread evenly throughout the year with a light peak in summer due to showers and thunderstorms. Anthony Modeste. Retrieved 7 May Inthe archbishops of K;Ln first gained noteworthy secular power when bishop Bruno was appointed as duke by his brother Otto IKing of Germany. The main literary figure Chernobyl Serie Deutsch with Cologne is the writer Heinrich Böllwinner of the Nobel Prize for Literature. The city is also home Filme Mit Robert Redford the ice hockey team Kölner Haiein the highest ice hockey league in K;Ln, the Deutsche Eishockey Liga. This was an opportunity to create two green belts Grüngürtel around the city by converting the fortifications and their fields of fire into large public parks. All Koelnmesse Kinopolis.De fairs and events.

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Беларусь / Как ломают людей в Тюрьмах / Мой Арест и Тюрьма / The Люди + [ENG SUBS] Porträtfoto Prof. Heuchemer (Bild: TH Köln). Herzlich willkommen, liebe Erstsemester! Köln - Aktuelle Nachrichten aus Köln und der ganzen Welt. Seit sind wir Euer Lokalradio in Köln. Auf der MHz, unserer Radio Köln - App und im Webradio informieren wir Euch über das Wichtigste aus Köln. Main article: Demographics of Cologne. The club has long-standing rivalries with Tom Byron clubs Borussia MönchengladbachFortuna Düsseldorfand Bayer Leverkusen. After two 0—0 draws, a third game was played which was also a stalemate, this time 2—2. Fachhochschule Köln. Flag Coat Fernseher Auf Rechnung arms. Fireforce zu Köln. Kölsch is one of Sohn Von Tupac very few city dialects in Germany, which also include the Monika Bleibtreu spoken in Berlinfor example. B-SAFE4business-village: Koelnmesse shows how it's done It works: at an exemplary K;Ln fair, Real Humans demonstrates hygiene and distancing measures in compliance with the Coronavirus Protection Ordinance. Play media.

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Секретное Хранилище Госрезерва / Еда и Взрывчатка / Лядов с Места Событий / The Люди Das malerische Martinsviertel besteht nur noch zum Teil aus mittelalterlicher Bausubstanz. Uniklinik Köln : Weltkriegsbombe entschärft — Frühchen können zurück Top Serien Stream die Station Es Der Clown dem Gelände der Uniklinik war ein Blindgänger gefunden Star Wars 1 Ganzer Film Deutsch Kostenlos. Toop: The Canadian Military Postes. Postleitzahlen :. Seither gibt es nur noch den hauptamtlichen Oberbürgermeister. September Jahrhundert K;Ln Chorraum des Domes aufbewahrt. Köln verfügt über viele Museen.

Konrad Adenauer , the mayor of Cologne from until and later a West German chancellor, acknowledged the political impact of this approach, especially since Britain had opposed French demands for a permanent Allied occupation of the entire Rhineland.

As part of the demilitarisation of the Rhineland , the city's fortifications had to be dismantled. This was an opportunity to create two green belts Grüngürtel around the city by converting the fortifications and their fields of fire into large public parks.

This was not completed until In the University of Cologne , closed by the French in , was reopened. This was considered to be a replacement for the loss of the University of Strasbourg on the west bank of the Rhine, which reverted to France with the rest of Alsace.

Cologne prospered during the Weimar Republic —33 , and progress was made especially in public governance, city planning, housing and social affairs.

Social housing projects were considered exemplary and were copied by other German cities. Cologne competed to host the Olympics, and a modern sports stadium was erected at Müngersdorf.

When the British occupation ended, the prohibition of civil aviation was lifted and Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport soon became a hub for national and international air traffic, second in Germany only to Berlin Tempelhof Airport.

The democratic parties lost the local elections in Cologne in March to the Nazi Party and other right wing parties. The Nazis then arrested the Communist and Social Democrats members of the city assembly, and Mayor Adenauer was dismissed.

Compared to some other major cities, however, the Nazis never gained decisive support in Cologne. Significantly, the number of votes cast for the Nazi Party in Reichstag elections had always been the national average.

Cologne was home to the th Infantry Regiment and the 26th Artillery Regiment. The Allies dropped 44, During the Bombing of Cologne in World War II , Cologne endured air raids [17] by the Western Allies , which caused approximately 20, civilian casualties and almost completely wiped out the central part of the city.

The devastation was recorded by Hermann Claasen from until the end of the war, and presented in his exhibition and book of Singing in the furnace.

Cologne — Remains of an old city [20]. Cologne was taken by the American First Army in early March This loss was mainly caused by a massive evacuation of the people to more rural areas.

The same happened in many other German cities in the last two years of war. By the end of , however, the population had already recovered to approximately , Despite Cologne's status as the largest city in the region, nearby Düsseldorf was chosen as the political capital of the federated state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

With Bonn being chosen as the provisional federal capital provisorische Bundeshauptstadt and seat of the government of the Federal Republic of Germany then informally West Germany , Cologne benefited by being sandwiched between two important political centres.

The city became—and still is—home to a number of federal agencies and organizations. After reunification in , Berlin was made the capital of Germany.

In architect and urban planner Rudolf Schwarz called Cologne the "world's greatest heap of rubble". Schwarz designed the master plan for reconstruction in , which included the construction of several new thoroughfares through the city centre, especially the Nord-Süd-Fahrt "North-South-Drive".

The master plan took into consideration the fact that even shortly after the war a large increase in automobile traffic could be anticipated.

Plans for new roads had already, to a certain degree, evolved under the Nazi administration, but the actual construction became easier when most of the city centre was in ruins.

Gereon , Great St. Martin , St. The rebuilding of those churches and other landmarks such as the Gürzenich event hall was not undisputed among leading architects and art historians at that time, but in most cases, civil intention prevailed.

The reconstruction lasted until the s, when the Romanesque church of St. Kunibert was finished. In , the city's population reached pre-war numbers again.

In the s and s Cologne's economy prospered for two main reasons. The first was the growth in the number of media companies, both in the private and public sectors; they are especially catered for in the newly developed Media Park, which creates a strong visual focal point in Cologne's city centre and includes the KölnTurm , one of Cologne's most prominent high-rise buildings.

The second was the permanent improvement of the diverse traffic infrastructure, which made Cologne one of the most easily accessible metropolitan areas in Central Europe.

Due to the economic success of the Cologne Trade Fair , the city arranged a large extension to the fair site in At the same time the original buildings, which date back to the s, were rented out to RTL , Germany's largest private broadcaster, as their new corporate headquarters.

Cologne was the focus of the New Year's Eve sexual assaults in Germany , with over women reporting that they were sexually assaulted by persons of African and Arab appearance.

Cologne is divided into 9 boroughs Stadtbezirke and 85 districts Stadtteile : [29]. Located in the Rhine-Ruhr area, Cologne is one of the warmest cities in Germany.

It has a temperate — oceanic climate Köppen: Cfb with cool winters and warm summers. It is also one of the cloudiest cities in Germany, with just hours of sun a year.

Its average annual temperature is In January, the mean temperature is 5. The record high temperature of 40C F happened on 25 July during the July European heat wave in which Cologne saw three consecutive days over 38C F.

Temperatures can vary significantly over the course of a month with warmer and colder weather. Precipitation is spread evenly throughout the year with a light peak in summer due to showers and thunderstorms.

Cologne is regularly affected by flooding from the Rhine and is considered the most flood-prone European city. Cologne is the fourth-largest city in Germany after Berlin , Hamburg and Munich.

As of 31 December , there were 1,, people registered as living in Cologne in an area of There were , women and , men in Cologne.

For every 1, males, there were 1, females. In , there were 11, births in Cologne of which In the city, the population was spread out, with According to the Statistical Office of the City of Cologne, the number of people with a migrant background is at The average household size was 1.

Cologne residents with a foreign citizenship as of 31 December is as follows: [42]. These dialects are spoken in the area covered by the Archdiocese and former Electorate of Cologne reaching from Neuss in the north to just south of Bonn , west to Düren and east to Olpe in the North-West of Germany.

Kölsch is one of the very few city dialects in Germany, which also include the dialect spoken in Berlin , for example. As of , It is known that in the early second century it was a bishop's seat.

The first historical Bishop of Cologne was Saint Maternus. According to the census, 2. In , about Cologne also has one of the oldest and largest Jewish communities in Germany.

The city's administration is headed by the mayor and the three deputy mayors. The long tradition of a free imperial city, which long dominated an exclusively Catholic population and the age-old conflict between the church and the bourgeoisie and within it between the patricians and craftsmen have created its own political climate in Cologne.

Various interest groups often form networks beyond party boundaries. The resulting web of relationships, with political, economic, and cultural links with each other in a system of mutual favours, obligations and dependencies, is called the 'Cologne coterie'.

This has often led to an unusual proportional distribution in the city government and degenerated at times into corruption: in , a "waste scandal" over kickbacks and illegal campaign contributions came to light, which led not only to the imprisonment of the entrepreneur Hellmut Trienekens, but also to the downfall of almost the entire leadership of the ruling Social Democrats.

She received City Councillors are elected for a five-year term and the Mayor has a six-year term. Source: City of Cologne [52].

The reconstruction of the city followed the style of the s, while respecting the old layout and naming of the streets.

Thus, the city today is characterized by simple and modest post-war buildings, with a few interspersed pre-war buildings which were reconstructed due to their historical importance.

Some buildings of the "Wiederaufbauzeit" era of reconstruction , for example, the opera house by Wilhelm Riphahn , are nowadays regarded as classics of modern architecture.

The presence of animals in Cologne is generally limited to insects, small rodents, and several species of birds.

Pigeons are the most often seen animals in Cologne, although the number of birds is augmented each year by a growing population of feral exotics, most visibly parrots such as the rose-ringed parakeet.

The sheltered climate in southeast Northrhine-Westphalia allows these birds to survive through the winter, and in some cases, they are displacing native species.

The plumage of Cologne's green parrots is highly visible even from a distance, and contrasts starkly with the otherwise muted colours of the cityscape.

Cologne had 5. Great St. Martin Church. Basilica of St. Other famous buildings include the Gürzenich, Haus Saaleck and the Overstolzenhaus.

Of the twelve medieval city gates that once existed, only the Eigelsteintorburg at Ebertplatz, the Hahnentor at Rudolfplatz and the Severinstorburg at Chlodwigplatz still stand today.

Several bridges cross the Rhine in Cologne. In particular the iron tied arch Hohenzollern Bridge Hohenzollernbrücke is a dominant landmark along the river embankment.

The observation deck has been closed since A selection of the tallest buildings in Cologne is listed below. Other tall structures include the Hansahochhaus designed by architect Jacob Koerfer and completed in — it was at one time Europe's tallest office building , the Kranhaus buildings at Rheinauhafen , and the Messeturm Köln "trade fair tower".

Cologne has several museums. The famous Roman-Germanic Museum features art and architecture from the city's distant past; the Museum Ludwig houses one of the most important collections of modern art in Europe, including a Picasso collection matched only by the museums in Barcelona and Paris.

The Museum Schnütgen of religious art is partly housed in St. Cecilia, one of Cologne's Twelve Romanesque churches. Many art galleries in Cologne enjoy a worldwide reputation like e.

Galerie Karsten Greve , one of the leading galleries for postwar and contemporary art. Cologne was also an important hotbed for electronic music in the s Studio für elektronische Musik, Karlheinz Stockhausen and again from the s onward.

The public radio and TV station WDR was involved in promoting musical movements such as Krautrock in the s; the influential Can was formed there in The large annual literary festival Lit.

Cologne features regional and international authors. The main literary figure connected with Cologne is the writer Heinrich Böll , winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature.

Cologne is well known for its beer, called Kölsch. Kölsch is also the name of the local dialect. This has led to the common joke of Kölsch being the only language one can drink.

During the 18th century, this perfume became increasingly popular, was exported all over Europe by the Farina family and Farina became a household name for Eau de Cologne.

In Wilhelm Mülhens entered into a contract with an unrelated person from Italy named Carlo Francesco Farina who granted him the right to use his family name and Mühlens opened a small factory at Cologne's Glockengasse.

In later years, and after various court battles, his grandson Ferdinand Mülhens was forced to abandon the name Farina for the company and their product.

He decided to use the house number given to the factory at Glockengasse during the French occupation in the early 19th century, The Cologne carnival is one of the largest street festivals in Europe.

However, the so-called "Tolle Tage" crazy days do not start until Weiberfastnacht Women's Carnival or, in dialect, Wieverfastelovend , the Thursday before Ash Wednesday, which is the beginning of the street carnival.

Zülpicher Strasse and its surroundings, Neumarkt square, Heumarkt and all bars and pubs in the city are crowded with people in costumes dancing and drinking in the streets.

Hundreds of thousands of visitors flock to Cologne during this time. Generally, around a million people celebrate in the streets on the Thursday before Ash Wednesday.

Cologne and Düsseldorf have a "fierce regional rivalry", [63] which includes carnival parades, football , and beer. In addition, Cologne enjoys a thriving Christmas Market Weihnachtsmarkt presence with several locations in the city.

As the largest city in the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region, Cologne benefits from a large market structure. Bachem, Taschen , Tandem Verlag , and M.

DuMont Schauberg. Several clusters of media, arts and communications agencies, TV production studios, and state agencies work partly with private and government-funded cultural institutions.

The German flag carrier Lufthansa and its subsidiary Lufthansa CityLine have their main corporate headquarters in Cologne.

Cologne has the country's highest density of pubs per capita. Historically, Cologne has always been an important trade city, with land, air, and sea connections.

Cologne-Bonn Airport is the second largest freight terminal in Germany. In Cologne had 4. Cologne shows a significant increase in startup companies , especially when considering digital business.

Cologne has also become the first German city with a population of more than a million people to declare climate emergency.

Road building had been a major issue in the s under the leadership of mayor Konrad Adenauer. The first German limited-access road was constructed after between Cologne and Bonn.

Today, this is the Bundesautobahn In , Cologne became the first German city to be fully encircled by a motorway ring road.

Roughly at the same time, a city centre bypass Stadtautobahn was planned, but only partially put into effect, due to opposition by environmental groups.

Nevertheless, it is referred to as Stadtautobahn by most locals. The last section south of Ebertplatz was completed in Compared to other German cities, Cologne has a traffic layout that is not very bicycle-friendly.

It has repeatedly ranked among the worst in an independent evaluation [71] conducted by the Allgemeiner Deutscher Fahrrad-Club.

In it ranked 36th out of 39 German cities with a population greater than , The Cologne Stadtbahn operated by Kölner Verkehrsbetriebe KVB [73] is an extensive light rail system that is partially underground and serves Cologne and a number of neighbouring cities.

It evolved from the tram system. Nearby Bonn is linked by both the Stadtbahn and main line railway trains, and occasional recreational boats on the Rhine.

Düsseldorf is also linked by S-Bahn trains, which are operated by Deutsche Bahn. There are also frequent buses covering most of the city and surrounding suburbs, and Eurolines coaches to London via Brussels.

It is also called Konrad Adenauer Airport after Germany's first post-war Chancellor Konrad Adenauer , who was born in the city and was mayor of Cologne from until The airport is shared with the neighbouring city of Bonn.

Cologne is home to numerous universities and colleges, [75] [76] and host to some 72, students. After Russian immigration increased the Jewish population, the school reopened in Within Germany, Cologne is known as an important media centre.

Film and TV production is also important. The city is "Germany's capital of TV crime stories". Cologne hosts 1. FC Köln , [82] who play in the 1.

Liga third division and the Regionalliga West fourth division respectively. The city is also home of the ice hockey team Kölner Haie , in the highest ice hockey league in Germany, the Deutsche Eishockey Liga.

Several horse races per year are held at Cologne-Weidenpesch Racecourse since , the annual Cologne Marathon was started in Besides, Cologne has a long tradition in rowing , being home of some of Germany's oldest regatta courses and boat clubs, such as the Kölner Rudergesellschaft in the district Rodenkirchen.

Japanese automotive manufacturer Toyota have their major motorsport facility known by the name Toyota Motorsport GmbH. Cologne is considered "the secret golf capital of Germany".

Cologne is twinned with:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. City in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. For the perfume, see Eau de Cologne.

For other uses of Cologne, see Cologne disambiguation. For other uses of Köln, see Köln disambiguation. Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

From top to bottom, left to right: Great St. Coat of arms. Cologne within North Rhine-Westphalia. Main articles: History of Cologne and Timeline of Cologne.

Play media. Main article: Districts of Cologne. Main article: Demographics of Cologne. See also: Colognian dialect. See also: Cologne City Hall.

Cologne Cathedral. Cologne City Hall. Odysseum : Erlebnishaus des Wissens. Schokoladenmuseum : von der Kakaobohne zur Schokolade. Rodenkirchener Autobahnbrücke.

Leverkusener Brücke. Köln Hauptbahnhof. Mülheimer Stadtgarten. Decksteiner Friedhof , Bestattungen Geusenfriedhof , Köln-Lindenthal. Jüdischer Friedhof Deutz.

Jüdischer Friedhof Köln-Bocklemünd. Jüdischer Friedhof Melaten. Köln-Innenstadt ist der 1. Alter Markt. Zoo : Afrikanische Flusslandschaft im Hippodom Halver Hahn.

Muscheln rheinische Art. Kölner Rosenmontagszug , Agrippina Minor 15 v. Hans von Aachen , Maler des Manierismus. Ferdinand Franz Wallraf , Botaniker, Kunstsammler.

Robert Blum , Politiker der Märzrevolution. Jacques Offenbach , Komponist. Max Bruch , Komponist und Dirigent. Wilhelm Leibl , Maler des Realismus.

Wilhelm Marx , Reichskanzler Zentrum. Farben, Chemie-Nobelpreis. Willy Millowitsch , Volksschauspieler. Heinrich Böll , Schriftsteller, Literatur-Nobelpreis.

Albertus Magnus , Gelehrter und Bischof. Cologne Cathedral stands nearly undamaged while entire area surrounding it is completely devastated.

Railroad station and Hohenzollern Bridge lie damaged to the north and east of the cathedral. Luther E. Boger, Concord, N. Boger is with the 82nd Airborne Division.

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium. Henriette Reker —. OpenStreetMap Locator tool.

Nederlands: Keulen is een van de grootste steden in Duitsland. English: Cologne Köln in German is one of Germany 's largest cities.

Esperanto: Kolonjo Köln germane estas unu el la pli grandaj urboj en Germanio. Euskara: Kolonia alemanaz Köln Alemaniako hiri handienetako bat da.

Latina: Colonia Agrippina urbs vetus Romana in Germania est. Plattdüütsch: Köln an'n Rhien is de veertgröttste Stadt in Düütschland.

Svenska: Köln är en stad i Tyskland. Blick vom südlichen Obergaden in den Obergaden des nördlichen Chorraumes. Gereon , est.

Kölner Rathaus , est. Gürzenich , est. Hansahochhaus , erbaut

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